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Referencing: APA Referencing

Tools and information to help you maintain academic honesty

APA Reference Generators

APA Referencing Guides

APA Rules

These are examples for simple formats only (taken from the CSU Referencing Tool). For real-world examples and more formats try out one of the guides or tools listed on this page.

Producer, A. A. (Producer). (Year). Title of video or DVD [VHS Video or DVD]. Country of Origin: Studio.
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of work. Location: Publisher.
Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Year). Title of Website. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume, pp-pp. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

APA Handbooks


To quote material directly from the source:

  • short quotes (less than 40 words) go in "double quotation marks", no italics, within your paragraph, citation with location at the end ie:

Advice on the APA Style blog says "To directly quote from written material that does not contain page numbers (e.g., webpages and websites, some ebooks), provide readers with another way of locating the quoted passage" (American Psychological Association, 2020, Textual works section, para. 1).

  • long quotes (more than 40 words) are on a new line, indented from the main paragraph, no quotation marks, no italics, reference at the end, full stop at the end of the quoted material, no full stop after the citation:

Use the normal referencing convention in your References list for things that you quote directly:

Note that the name of the section or other part of the work will not necessarily appear in the reference list entry for the work. For example, if you cite a particular section of a webpage or website in the text, the reference list entry should be for the page you used, not for only that section of the page. (American Psychological Association, 2020, Textual works section, para. 6)

Quoting video or audio material